The central part of the Retina is called the “macula.” If one looks directly at an object, then the image from the object is centered on the macular part of the retina. The macula is responsible for our fine, detailed vision straight in front of us. This is in contrast to our peripheral vision, which encompasses a much larger area on each side but lacks detail. Macular Degeneration is unfortunately a common, degenerative disease affecting this crucial area of central vision in many seniors who come for their care to Virginia Vision & Surgery. The disease has a “dry” and a “wet” type having to do with whether there is leakage of fluid from the aberrant growth of blood vessels in the retina. Although still a formidable disease and a serious public health concern, many advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease within the past two decades.